Thursday, July 31, 2014

Ex-spy takes on CSIS review body: SIDEWINDER REPORT.....TRIADS

[The Globe And Mail]

Ex-spy takes on CSIS review body: SIDEWINDER REPORT.....TRIADS

Ex-spy takes on CSIS review body Says security agency squelched report on threat posed by Chinese triads


Tuesday, October 24, 2000

Straddling his high-powered motorcycle and clad in leather pants and jacket, Michel Juneau looks more like a pinup boy than a veteran spy.
Image result for michel juneau-katsuya

But for 16 years, the articulate and highly educated French Canadian worked inside the shadowy world of intelligence, first with the RCMP's Security Service and then its successor agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service.
"I loved and was devoted to the work," said the bilingual 41-year-old former intelligence officer and policeman.
Now, Mr. Juneau, who left the espionage agency earlier this year to set up his own security firm, has reluctantly emerged from the shadows not to spill secrets but to forcefully fire back at CSIS's watchdog, the Security Intelligence Review Committee, for a contentious report that it issued last week.
"Unfortunately, SIRC's report does a profound disservice to the men and women at the RCMP and CSIS who have dedicated their working lives to the protection of Canada and Canadians," Mr. Juneau said in an interview.
At issue is a sensitive probe of Chinese espionage activity in Canada, code-named Project Sidewinder, that was the product of years of joint analysis by CSIS and the RCMP.
Mr. Juneau, who worked in CSIS's research and analysis branch, co-authored a draft of the Sidewinder report with an RCMP intelligence analyst in May of 1997. It concluded that China posed the single largest threat to Canada's national security.
Ample evidence exists that senior RCMP officers found that the original report went a long way toward proving its overarching thesis and wanted to vigorously pursue its findings. But CSIS unilaterally shelved the report because it believed the study was based on inneundo.
SIRC has acknowledged that a tense schism percolated for years between the RCMP and senior CSIS managers over the fate of the original report. Despite that, in its annual report, SIRC dismissed the original Sidewinder report as "deeply flawed in almost all respects" and "rich with the language of scare-mongering and conspiracy theory."
Mr. Juneau, who was the chief analyst on the original Sidewinder team, which included three other intelligence analysts from CSIS and the RCMP, insisted that it is SIRC's report that is wrong, shrill and "silly."
"My colleagues at CSIS and the RCMP devoted a great deal of time and energy to the report, and I know that our findings, although disturbing and unsettling, were based on concrete evidence," Mr. Juneau said.
"We were not in the business of promoting or conjuring up conspiracy theories and any suggestion that we were is silly, wrong and betrays a profound misunderstanding of how we went about our work."
Rather, Mr. Juneau said, the Sidewinder analysts worked hard to identify an intricate web of connections between Chinese intelligence services and criminal gangs, which they were convinced posed a threat to Canada's national security.
"The original report was thorough and backed up by substantive and tangible evidence," he said. "Their [SIRC's] attack was, regrettably, insulting and deflected attention from the real issue. The report concluded that China posed a multifaceted threat to Canada, and the RCMP analysts agreed."
Indeed, Mr. Juneau said that the original Sidewinder team (it was only the second time the two agencies had collaborated on a major analysis) culled some of its information from a Chinese intelligence officer who defected in 1997.
The man, who was a member of the United Front Work Department, one of China's five espionage arms, went public with allegations that he had been ordered to go to Hong Kong to engineer a pact between Beijing and criminal gangs known as triads.
Mr. Juneau also pointed out that at the RCMP's request, the original Sidewinder team produced a binder, brimming with what is known in the intelligence business as facting. It provided documented evidence, culled from secret CSIS reports, other government departments and agencies and foreign intelligence agencies, that supported every single line in the original report, he said.
Mr. Juneau noted that other Western intelligence organizations and a bipartisan U.S. congressional committee have since produced reports that echoed many of Sidewinder's conclusions. "We were ahead of our time and that's what probably killed our report."
He also flatly rejected a suggestion in the SIRC report that his departure from the Sidewinder team was voluntary and simply the result of a internal reorganization.
"The implication is that I left the Sidewinder team willingly and voluntarily; that is simply untrue," Mr. Juneau said. "I wanted to see the project through to its end."
To his chagrin, CSIS brought in another intelligence officer to complete the report, renamed Project Echo. CSIS told its watchdog that the RCMP agreed with the report's tone-downed findings. But the RCMP informed SIRC that it was "not fully satisfied with the final report" because unlike the first draft it "fails to raise key strategic questions."
A SIRC spokesman refused to respond to Mr. Juneau's allegations.


(12) The Sidewinder scandal

A leaked report makes explosive allegations about links between the Liberals and Chinese agents

by Kevin Michael Grace

Image result for RCMP Commissioner Giuliano Zaccardelli

RCMP Commissioner Giuliano Zaccardelli gave an extraordinary press conference on September 7. He told startled reporters, "There are criminal organizations that target the destabilization of our parliamentary system." The commissioner refused to give details but insisted he was not "fear-mongering." He concluded, "We don't want to wait until we become, unfortunately, like some countries around the world, where criminal organizations actually run part of the country."
On October 20 the Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIRC), the government agency that oversees the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, issued its annual report. It devotes six pages to a joint RCMP-CSIS operation, Sidewinder, whose secret interim report, "Chinese Intelligence Services and Triads Financial Links in Canada," was issued in 1997. This report was suppressed, and all copies were ordered destroyed, as were all background materials.
Project Sidewinder was abandoned but then restarted in 1998. A secret final report, "Echo," was issued in 1999. Sources close to Sidewinder have alleged that its 1997 report was first killed and then gutted because it revealed Chinese infiltration as a grave threat to Canadian security and sovereignty.
The SIRC report rejects these allegations. It finds "no evidence of political interference" and claims Sidewinder "was not terminated; it was delayed when its initial product proved to be inadequate." The 1997 report is judged "deeply flawed...a loose, disordered compendium of 'facts' connected by insinuations and unfounded assertions. Overall, the document is rich with the language of scare-mongering and conspiracy theory." SIRC concludes that the destruction of "'transitory' documents related to Sidewinder's first draft" was "standard practice." The disappearance of other "non-transitory" documents is described as "disconcerting" but of no "material impact."
The timing of the SIRC report two days before an election call and its pre-release leak to the National Post are suspicious. SIRC said in September that the report would not be released until the end of the year. Even more suspect is the September 25 assertion in the House of Commons by MP Lynn Myers, parliamentary secretary to Solicitor-General Lawrence MacAulay: "I would like to emphasize that I was not reading from or directly quoting the SIRC report, which is a classified report." He was referring to his September 20 statement to Canadian Alliance MP Jim Abbott dismissing the 1997 Sidewinder report as "deeply flawed" and a "conspiracy theory"--phrases identical to those used in the then-supposedly unwritten, unread, classified SIRC report.
Unfortunately for the Liberals, however, all copies of Sidewinder were not destroyed. The Canadian Alliance and various media, including this magazine, now possess them. The report, 30 pages long and badly translated from the original French, makes a shocking allegation--Hong Kong tycoons, triads (gangs) and Chinese intelligence services "have been working for 15 years in concert with the Chinese government, and some of their 'financial ventures' in Canada serve to conceal criminal or intelligence activities."
These activities include money laundering, heroin trafficking and the transfer of economic, high technology and intelligence data to Beijing. Sidewinder alleges the corruption of the Canadian business and political establishments: "The triads, the tycoons and [Chinese intelligence] have learned that [the] quick way to gain influence is to provide finance to the main political parties...China has obtained access to influential figures who are now or once were active at various levels of Canadian society."
Foremost among the Chinese tycoons, according to Sidewinder, is Li Ka-Shing, of whom U.S. Congressman Dana Rohrabacher has testified, "The U.S. Bureau of Export Affairs, the U.S. Embassy in Beijing and the Rand Corporation...have identified Li Ka-Shing and [his company] Hutchison Whampoa as financing or serving as a conduit for Communist China's military for them to acquire sensitive technologies and other equipment." Last year Forbes estimated Mr. Li's family as the eighth richest in the world, with assets totalling US$10.6 billion.
Image result for li ka-shing hidden money

According to Sidewinder, Mr. Li is a director of the Beijing-controlled China International Trust Investment Company (CITIC), which had 1997 assets of US$23 billion. CITIC owns or controls Cathay Pacific Airlines, Hong Kong Telecom, Star TV, Poly Technologies and Norinco, suspected of arms shipments to Mohawk reserves. Mr. Li's company Hutchison owns 49% of Husky Energy. CITIC has invested $500 million to buy Canadian companies Celgar Pulp Mill and Nova Corp Petrochemical. Mr. Li and his son own "at least one-sixth to one-third of downtown Vancouver" and have extensive real estate holdings in Toronto. CITIC has "developed...close business links with Power Corporation." (Andre Desmarais, Prime Minister Chretien's son-in-law, is president and co-chief executive officer of Power Corporation.)
Mr. Li is the largest (10%) single shareholder of CIBC, and a shareholder and director of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, which in the 1980s acquired the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank of Canada, Continental Bank and Lloyds Bank Canada. CIBC, in turn, bought the securities firms Wood Gundy and Merrill Lynch. Li Ka-Shing's son Richard bought 50.1% of Gordon Capital in 1985. (Jean Chretien was a senior adviser there from 1986 to 1990.)
None of the above proves that Canada has been subverted by the People's Republic of China, but the linkages and connections revealed between Mr. Li and Mr. Chretien and his family (which are not detailed in Sidewinder but were reported elsewhere) are, as SIRC might say, disconcerting.
But then, SIRC itself is not entirely in the clear. One SIRC member, James Andrews Grant, has a serious unreported conflict of interest. His biography on the SIRC Web site identifies him as a director of CIBC and chairman of the executive committee of the law firm Stikeman, Elliott, which has a long-standing relationship with CIBC's largest shareholder, Li Ka-Shing.
Canadian Alliance MP Jim Abbott, who raised the Sidewinder issue in the Commons, reports that he was immediately denounced by a Liberal MP as a "racist." He adds, "Unfortunately, many Canadians are prepared to buy into these labels, and for that reason they find so much of this  [Sidewinder] unbelievable."
Mr. Abbott takes pains to stress that while he understands "there is a very malicious, a very serious criminal side to triad organizations, there's also the other side within the Chinese culture, where they are part of exchanging power and influence. This is something that we, from our Caucasian, Judeo-Christian basis, just don't comprehend."
Elections Canada loopholes make it easy for gangsters and foreign agents to contribute to Canadian politicians, money which is sometimes received unwittingly. While Mr. Abbott admits his party has "not taken any formal steps" to prevent such occurrences, he explains, "We're very deeply concerned about it and are doing our level best with what information we have to make sure we aren't compromised."
(13) Chinese triads sought foothold in Vancouver port operations
Fabian Dawson, Staff Reporter The Province
The Vancouver Port Authority ignored warnings about the Chinese business interests it was wooing in the 1990s -- allowing a number of questionable business connections to take root in the port, The Province has learned. In the mid-'90s, as courting efforts aimed at Chinese shipping giant Cosco went into overdrive, intelligence officials -- including local ports police -- sounded alarm bells about the conglomerate's questionable connections. The shipping line is intimately linked to the China International Trust and Investment Corp., a key fundraiser for the Chinese government and a technology-acquiring source for China's military.
U.S. Senate investigators and Canadian intelligence officials have described Cosco as the merchant marine of the Chinese military.
Its vessels have been caught carrying thousands of weapons into California and Chinese missile-technology and biological-warfare components into North Korea, Pakistan, Iraq and Iran, according to U.S. intelligence reports. Last summer -- two years after the ports police were disbanded -- the port signed a deal with Cosco to make Vancouver its gateway to North America. Cosco had chosen the only major port on the West Coast of North America without a dedicated police force.
Port officials maintain they have no evidence Cosco is directly involved in any illegal activity and cannot recall receiving police warnings. Cosco officials have declined interviews.
Police and immigration documents obtained by The Province show that, in the early '90s, Chinese mafia members or triads were attempting to infiltrate port operations.
In one case, a man identified as Chan Chung Hiu applied for a visitor visa at the Canadian consulate in Hong Kong to come to Vancouver on Jan. 14, 1992. Chan said he was an advisor to a company that had concluded a deal with the B.C. government to take over operations at one of the docks.
Background checks conducted found that Chan was a member of the notorious Sun Yee On triad and had served a four-year jail term for armed robbery in Hong Kong.
Chan abandoned the application after being asked to produce a police certificate. In another case, members of the same triad group, who are among the world's biggest heroin traffickers, were seen entertaining a senior officer of the now defunct Co-Ordinated Law Enforcement Unit. The party aboard a yacht was hosted by a Vancouver-based shipping company suspected of having links with the Chinese mafia.

Title:  Further details revealed about Hong Kong `scam'

Source:  Edmonton Journal, September 10, 1999, Final Edition, p.A10


There is evidence someone working inside Canada's consulate

in Hong Kong was selling visas to an immigration consultant through

a back channel, an RCMP officer and former diplomat contend.

The allegations were levelled Wednesday by suspended RCMP corporal

Robert Read and former diplomat Brian McAdam, the immigration

control officer at Canada's consulate in Hong Kong between 1991 and


Read told reporters of ``an under-the-table arrangement whereby

there was an illicit application system operating alongside the

legitimate process,'' the Toronto Star said Thursday in a report

from Ottawa.

  Read said the alleged scam involved a Hong Kong immigration

consultant, and claimed there was evidence in RCMP files the man was

working with a Canadian consulate staffer who had top-level access

to the computer system used to process applications for residence in


  Read, who identified both the consultant and the Canadian staffer,

contends there was evidence the staffer was taking ``phantom

applications'' from the consultant for a fee and processing visas

without ever entering the applications in the computer.

  Read and McAdam have made waves in recent weeks by going public

with allegations that a corrupt immigration scam at Canada's mission

in Hong Kong was covered up by senior officials.

  They have alleged that between 1986 and 1992 the computer system at

the Hong Kong consulate was infiltrated and that files were altered

to allow criminals to get into Canada.

  A senior Canadian diplomat says new preventive measures are in

place to foil any possible security breaches in processing visas.

  Bruce Gillies, of the Hong Kong-China division of the Department of

Foreign Affairs, said there have been three staff audits since the

handover to China and that new controls have been placed on computer


Copyright Edmonton Journal 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  The story so far

Byline:  Fabian Dawson; Staff Reporter

Source:  The Province (Vancouver), August 29, 1999, Final Edition, p.A3


Last Thursday, in an exclusive investigative report, The

Province shed light on a seven-year probe by the RCMP into the

alleged infiltration of the immigration computer at the Canadian

diplomatic mission in Hong Kong.

  The alleged infiltration of the Computer Assisted Immigration

Processing System is said to be the work of some locally engaged

staff with links to triads -- the Chinese Mafia. It was initially

brought to light by the then immigration control officer, Brian

McAdam, who provided a series of RCMP officers with loads of leads.

  In 1992, two investigators, one from the department of external

affairs and the other from the RCMP, flew to Hong Kong to look into

the case.

  Despite being told of files being deleted, finding fake immigration

stamps and discovering that locally engaged staff had given

themselves unauthorised high-level security clearance to issue

visas, neither pursued the matter, and the case was closed in 1992.

McAdam continued with his reports alleging that 788 files with

sensitive background information on criminals and businessmen had

been removed from the computer and that nearly 2,000 blank visa

forms were missing.

  RCMP reactivated the investigation in 1995 and worked with the

Canadian spy agency, which launched Operation Sidewinder to look at

the extent of Chinese espionage in this country. That operation was

abruptly halted.

  After a series of RCMP officers were assigned the case and abruptly

transferred, Cpl. Robert Read of the RCMP immigration and passport

section in Ottawa was assigned the file in September 1996.

  Finding gaping holes in the earlier investigations and leads not

being followed up, he recommended that a thorough investigation be

done. He was taken off the case.

  Suspecting internal collusion to keep the matter hidden, Read filed

an obstruction-of-justice complaint in January 1998, alleging that

his superiors were trying to cover up the issue.

  After the first report in The Province on Thursday, the RCMP

confirmed that they are investigating the penetration of the

computer and other improprieties involving staff at the diplomatic


  The next day, The Province tracked down a key suspect in the

infiltration of the computer to North Vancouver. This was the woman

whom the first RCMP investigator in 1992 said he could not find.

Documents allege that investigators found fake Canadian immigration

stamps in her desk. She now works as an immigration consultant.

  On Friday, the auditor-general's office in Ottawa said it is also

looking at the case to determine if Canadian tax dollars were being

abused at the diplomatic mission in Hong Kong.

  The solicitor-general's office has also received a

five-centimetre-thick dossier on certain clandestine goings-on

involving high-ranking officials at the Canadian mission in Hong

Kong and alleged links between certain politicians and triad


  The story has been making headlines around the world, especially in

Hong Kong, where the major dailies carried wire versions of the

Province expose.

Copyright The Province (Vancouver) 1999 All Rights Reserved.


Title:  Were our officials bribed in Hong Kong?: Mounties are investigating a night at the races and little red envelopes stuffed with dollars

Byline:  Fabian Dawson; Staff Reporter

Source:  The Province (Vancouver), August 29, 1999, Final Edition, p.A2


It was called a night at the races.

  That's when ``Granny Pong'' stood at the entrance of the posh

private room at the Happy Valley race track, dishing out little red

envelopes to employees of the Canadian diplomatic mission in Hong


  In each packet was $1,000 HK (about $200 Cdn at today's rates),

so-called lucky money for diplomats and other staff at the Canadian

commission to either bet on the horses or take home.

  Now some of those who took this money from wealthy Hong Kong

socialites may not be so lucky.

  The RCMP confirmed Friday that it is looking at this type of

incident and other alleged improprieties involving staff at the

Canadian commission (now consulate general) in Hong Kong during the

height of the immigration wave from the then British colony.

  ``We cannot get into the specifics of the investigation, but we are

looking at other improprieties in addition to the CAIPS incident,''

said RCMP Cpl. Marc Richer from Ottawa.

  The ``CAIPS incident'' -- the acronym stands for Computer-Assisted

Immigration Processing System -- was detailed in an exclusive

Province report last Thursday.

  It involved claims that locally engaged staff were paid to delete

from the CAIPS immigration computer sensitive background information

on criminals and businessmen seeking to migrate to Canada and that

some 2,000 blank visa forms had disappeared from the mission.

  Documents obtained by The Province show that police are also

investigating at least one incident involving the little red

envelopes that occurred in 1991.

  In addition, suspicions have also been raised against certain staff

who received lavish going-away gifts, including one officer who

received a Rolex watch.

  Another officer is said to have been given expensive gold coins as

a gift to his parents, whom he was going to visit.

  Suspicion has also been raised about an immigration officer who was

on assignment in Hong Kong but went home with $300,000 Cdn that he

supposedly won at the races.

  Brian McAdam, former immigration control officer at the mission,

who alerted Ottawa to the CAIPS infiltration in 1992, said RCMP have

questioned him about the ``little red packet'' incident.

  ``I expressed trepidation -- about the invitation to the races --

to my immediate boss, but was told the people inviting us were not

asking for visas to go to Canada,'' he recalled last week in Ottawa.

  ``When my wife and I arrived at the VIP room at the race track,

Granny Pong, the matriarch of this family, thrust little red

envelopes into our hands, as she did for every other couple,'' he


  ``This greatly disturbed me because I knew this was an old

technique to bribe people,'' said McAdam, an internationally

renowned expert on triads (the Chinese Mafia), whose reports are

used by various law enforcement agencies.

  ``When we returned home and opened the envelopes, there was $1,000

HK in each of them,'' he said.

  McAdam said he took the issue up with his superiors the next day

and was assured that such a thing would not happen again.

  ``But I was told I could not return the money because it would be

taken as a great offence,'' he said.

  McAdam sent the cash to the Save the Children Fund, saying it was

courtesy of Granny Pong, and gave his boss a copy of the letter

accompanying the donation.

  One of the series of RCMP investigators looking into the

allegations of improprieties at the diplomatic mission made

inquiries into the incident outlined by McAdam.

  Documents show that he was told by a senior official at the

commission that the money was collected back from all those who

received it and returned to Granny Pong.

  Cpl. Robert Read of the RCMP's immigration and passport section,

who took over the Hong Kong file in September 1996, confirmed that

he was investigating the red-packet incident when he was removed

from the case.

  Read, who found gaping holes in earlier investigations and became

suspicious about the lack of follow-up to leads given to some

investigators, suspects that the RCMP is perpetuating a coverup of

some of the incidents that went on at the diplomatic mission.

  He has filed an obstruction-of-justice complaint against some of

his senior officers.

  Read refused to divulge what he found but has forwarded his files

to the federal auditor-general's department.

  Cash in red packets, according to sources familiar with the custom,

is an old Chinese tradition practised during the Lunar New Year and

other auspicious occasions.

  However, it is not unknown for criminals to have adapted the custom

to their own ends.

  The unanswered question, according to McAdam's report on this

incident filed to an assistant deputy minister in the department of

external affairs, is: ``Why would multimillionaires constantly

invite all newcomers from the Canadian mission's immigration

section, as well as locally engaged staff, to the horse races and

give them thousands of dollars?''


Copyright The Province (Vancouver) 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  Mountie suspended in consulate probe

Byline:  For the Calgary Herald; The Province

Source:  Calgary Herald, September 3, 1999, Final Edition, p.A10


A Mountie has been suspended because he told The Province

newspaper about an investigation into the infiltration of

immigration computers at the Canadian diplomatic mission in Hong


  The suspension comes after the RCMP offered Cpl. Robert Read an

early retirement package, which he refused.

  ``I am not surprised . . . I know I have done the right thing,''

Read said from his home in Ottawa Thursday night.

  RCMP spokesman Cpl. Gilles Moreau said Read was suspended with pay

on Wednesday afternoon. He said Read, 54, is being investigated in

connection with the Hong Kong incident and ``how certain information

pertaining to the criminal investigation into the Canadian

consulate-general found its way into the public domain.''

  Moreau said a separate investigation into whether Read has

committed any criminal offence had been launched.

  Read, a 24-year veteran of the force, was attached to the RCMP

immigration and passport section in Ottawa. Last week, he told The

Province he had filed an obstruction-of-justice complaint against

his superiors, alleging the RCMP were perpetuating a coverup of

penetration of the immigration computer at the commission (now

consulate-general) in Hong Kong.

  The alleged infiltration of the computers was discovered by

then-immigration control officer Brian McAdam, an expert on triads,

or Chinese Mafia. McAdam alerted Ottawa, but the investigation was

stopped shortly after it started in 1992 because of a lack of



Copyright Calgary Herald 1999 All Rights Reserved.


Title:  Mountie accuses RCMP of a coverup

Source:  The Province (Vancouver), August 26, 1999, Final Edition, p.A3


Robert Read, who became the fourth Mountie assigned to

investigate the Hong Kong affair, says he has been "ostracized"

because of his work.

  In 1996, his boss, Insp. Jean Dube, assigned him to interview Brian

McAdam, the former immigration control officer at the Canadian

commission in Hong Kong.

  "After reviewing the earlier investigations, it became quickly

clear that something was amiss," he told The Province. He declined

to provide details of his report because it remains classified.

  Married with two children, Read, 54, joined the RCMP in 1975 after

10 years with Regina city police. After stints in Burnaby and

Quebec, he was transferred to the RCMP war crimes/immigration and

passport section in Ottawa.

  Read said a summary of his original report prepared for the RCMP

commissioner was "camouflage." He wrote another report and submitted

it to the top brass.

  "I got no response . . . instead I was taken off the case and

assigned a paper-shuffling job . . . I have been ostracized for

doing what I think is in the best interest of Canadians," he said.

  Read submitted his findings and allegations to the RCMP public

complaints commission. The commission said it was unable to look at

the case, citing among other things the sensitive nature of the

"ongoing investigations."

  Read then sent his files to the federal auditor-general's

department and the office of the solicitor-general. Peter Sorby from

the auditor-general's office is now investigating the case.

  Brian McAdam is a recognized authority on triads. He has worked for

the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service, the FBI and other

law enforcement agencies.

  His report entitled Triad Guide, co-authored with RCMP Insp. Garry

Clement, is considered one of the best on the Chinese underworld.

  But the 57-year-old former external-affairs employee could not get

his bosses to use his material. The report is banned from

distribution within external affairs and Immigration Canada for

legal reasons.

  "I am not a whistle-blower," says McAdam, who served at the

Canadian commission in Hong Kong for two terms.

  "What I tried to do was alert my superiors to the criminal

goings-on during the height of the largest modern immigration wave .

. . we had thousands of people from Hong Kong wanting to leave prior

to the 1997 handover."

  Ridiculed, ostracized and called anti-social, McAdam quit the

foreign service a few years ago after a severe bout of depression.

  "Some of the RCMP officers who investigated my reports have done a

marvellous job, and there is enough evidence to show that there is a

coverup," he said.

  "The word is I am crazy, but my reports speak for themselves,"

McAdam said.


Copyright The Province (Vancouver) 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  RCMP may have `botched' Hong Kong probe

Source:  Times Colonist (Victoria), September 9, 1999, Final Edition, p.A8


TORONTO -- A senior RCMP investigator says the Mounties may

have botched a probe into allegations that officials at Canada's

High Commission in Hong Kong were bribed to approve visas for

Chinese gang members, the Globe and Mail reported Wednesday.

  Staff-Sgt. Jim Puchniak, who is now head of federal enforcement for

the RCMP in Ottawa, says the Mounties weren't aggressive enough in

investigating the allegations.

  Puchniak, a 30-year veteran, was one of six investigators to look

into the claims made by then immigration officer Brian McAdam in the

last eight years.

  ``Perhaps we (the RCMP) didn't look at his allegations soon enough

or aggressively enough,'' Puchniak told the Globe.

  McAdam, who served in Hong Kong from 1989 to 1993, has alleged

Canadian officials were bribed by gangs so they could obtain visas

allowing them to move in and out of Canada.

  He also alleged the 800 files on criminals in the High Commission's

computer system were deleted so gang members could enter the country

and that scores of migrants were smuggled into the Canada.

  McAdam, who retired in 1995, took his allegations to Liberal MP

David Kilgour who in turn wrote to Prime Minister Jean Chretien

urging a judicial inquiry.

  Francoise Ducros, a spokeswoman for Chretien, said the information

was passed on to the minister of immigration and the prime minister

``felt that appropriate actions would be taken.''

  An RCMP media relations officer dismissed claims the Mounties

didn't move quickly enough.

  ``Up till now we have not found any concrete evidence to support

these allegations,'' Cpl. Gilles Moreau said.

  Canadian diplomatic sources told the Globe that McAdam's

allegations are outlandish and cannot be corroborated.

  But Puchniak scoffs at the criticism.

  ``I think a lot of people would like to have Brian McAdam written

off, to be honest with you.

  ``I think there is enough (there) to warrant looking at it


  Puchniak was assigned to the case in 1994 but was promoted a year

later and left the investigation.

  His comments come days after RCMP Cpl. Robert Read was suspended

after claiming the computer security breach was covered up by the



Copyright Victoria Times Colonist 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  Fraud began 40 years ago at consulate, ex-official says:

Officers charge cover-up after RCMP probe

Byline:  Tim Harper

Source:  The Toronto Star, September 3, 1999, First Edition


OTTAWA - There are fresh allegations that file-tampering and

fraud at the Canadian consulate in Hong Kong have been rampant

for more than four decades with no effort made to staunch the

tide of criminals flowing into this country.

The man who headed a four-year probe into immigration fraud at

the consulate from 1959-62, said the latest round of allegations

shows ``nothing has changed.

``The situation is identical,'' Kim Abbott, a retired director of

Immigration Canada's inspection services, said yesterday. Abbott

said the criminal flow from Asia, with the co-operation of

Canadian employees of consulates, likely dates back to 1910.

``The system has always worked well for Chinese agents. It's very

complex. But why would they give up a good thing like that?'' he


Abbott, who now lives in the Ottawa Valley, was commenting on

charges from two officials who say the RCMP conducted a slipshod

probe into the most recent round of allegations, stemming from

the 1986-92 period.

RCMP Corporal Robert Read and Brian McAdam, the immigration

control officer at the consulate from 1991-93, both say a probe

into widespread file-tampering was superficial and a report filed

on it purposely vague.

The RCMP informed Read last night that he had been suspended

pending an investigation into the release of internal documents.

The two men say nearly 800 computer files of prospective

immigrants were tampered with to conceal criminal backgrounds and

that some 2,000 blank visa forms went missing during the same


Specifically, they say locally hired staff at the Hong Kong

mission were paid large sums of money to delete the background

files of persons from the computer system to expunge any

reference to their links with organized crime and allow them to

obtain visas to travel to Canada.

The RCMP said it is continuing to investigate.


Copyright Toronto Star 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  Mountie vows to keep fighting over visa frauds: Won't `go away'

despite suspension for talking to press

Byline:  Tim Harper

Source:  The Toronto Star, September 4, 1999, First Edition


OTTAWA - The Mountie suspended for going public with his

allegations about immigration fraud in Hong Kong says he will not

slink away but will insist on a formal hearing into his case.

``I'm not going to accept a slap on the wrist, hang my head and

go away,'' Corporal Robert Read said yesterday, after the RCMP

suspended him for ``disgraceful conduct.''

He will be paid, pending the results of an inquiry into how

confidential documents dealing with the RCMP probe ended up with

the media.

The documents were also shared with Brian McAdam, the immigration

control officer at the Canadian consulate from 1991 to 1993.

McAdam probed file-tampering and computer fraud during that

period and he and Read contend nearly 800 computer files of

prospective immigrants were fiddled with to conceal criminal


They also alleged some 2,000 blank visa forms went missing during

the same period.

The RCMP says a probe into the charges continues but an internal

inquiry is also under way to find out how documents became


Read says RCMP investigators have been slipshod, which has

allowed those people with links to Hong Kong organized crime to

enter this country.

Instead of seeking the truth, the RCMP became more preoccupied

with trying to discredit him, Read said. ``I have received notice that I have been suspended for divulging confidential information to the press and to Brian McAdam,'' Read

said yesterday.

            ``Before going to the press, I took my complaint of criminal RCMP

conduct to the hierarchy of the RCMP.

``I took it to CSIS (Canadian Security Intelligence Service), I

took it to the RCMP Public Complaints Commission and finally I

took it to the auditor-general.

``I was prepared to wait many more months for an investigation

into my complaint. But I was forced to go public when I felt I

was being discredited rather than my complaint being


Other sources have backed Read, indicating irregularities in the

consulate's visa section have been a problem dating back at least

40 years.

Immigration officials, however, contend they have been quietly

doing their job, and some 1,000 persons linked to organized crime

have either been blocked from entering Canada or deported over

the past five years.


Copyright Toronto Star 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  MPs seek probe of visa cover-up

Byline:  Fabian Dawson; Staff Reporter

Source:  The Province (Vancouver), December 2, 1999, Final Edition, p.A24


Reform MPs are demanding the government appoint a special

prosecutor to investigate allegations that the RCMP is covering up

aspects of a visa scam at the Canadian diplomatic mission in Hong


  The allegations are being made by RCMP Cpl. Robert Read who has

been suspended for talking to The Province about his Hong Kong


  Read, a 24-year-veteran police officer is currently being

investigated by the RCMP in connection with the Hong Kong incident

and ``how certain information pertaining to the criminal

investigation into the Canadian consulate-general found its way into

the public domain.''

  In Parliament yesterday, Reform MPs from B.C. Jim Abbot and John

Reynolds urged Solicitor-General Lawrence MacAulay to appoint an

independent prosecutor to look at the case as some of the people who

Read has accused are investigating him.

  ``Read has been told he is being suspended for repeating his

allegations in The Province this summer, yet the RCMP still has not

investigated the cover-up,'' Abbot said in the House of Commons.

  MacAulay said it is up to the RCMP to decide what measures are to

be taken.

  He then suggested that the issue be referred to the RCMP Public

Complaints Commission, unaware that Read had already taken it to

that body and was told that his case was beyond their purview.

  ``Obviously the solicitor-general does not know what he is talking

about,'' said Abbot.

  Reynolds said the RCMP should not be investigating their own,

especially because of the highly sensitive nature of the case and

allegations of wrongdoing by senior RCMP members.

  ``It's like having the fox guard the chicken coop,'' he said.

  Read, contacted at his Ottawa home yesterday, said the only way his

case can get an open and fair hearing is if his complaints are

addressed by an independent commission.

  ``I have tried three separate government bodies including the

public complaints commission, the auditor-general and CSIS . . . I

don't know where else to go for an independent hearing,'' he said.

  ``Maybe I should try the federal dog-catcher,'' said Read.

  Read, 54, was attached to the RCMP immigration and passport section

in Ottawa. In August he told The Province he had filed an

obstruction-of-justice complaint against his superiors, alleging

that the RCMP were perpetuating a coverup of the penetration of the

immigration computer at the Canadian commission (now

consulate-general) in Hong Kong.

  The alleged computer infiltration was initially discovered by

then-immigration control officer Brian McAdam, an internationally

renowned expert on triads, or the Chinese Mafia.

  McAdam alerted Ottawa and an investigation was initiated by the

department of external affairs and the RCMP.

  The core allegations were that 788 files containing sensitive

background information on businessmen and criminals had been deleted

from the Computer Assisted Immigration Processing System (CAIPS).

  The tampering is said to be the work of locally hired staff, linked

to triads, who had given themselves high security clearance.

  Another allegation involved the disappearance of about 2,000 blank

visa forms.

  In addition, certain immigration staff at the diplomatic mission

were suspected of accepting ``bribes.''

  The initial investigation was stopped shortly after it started in

1992 because of a lack of evidence.


Copyright The Province (Vancouver) 1999 All Rights Reserved.



Title:  'Whitewash': An RCMP probe into alleged improprieties at the Canadian mission in Hong Kong fails to answer key questions, critics say

Byline:  Fabian Dawson; Staff Reporter

Source:  The Province (Vancouver), December 23, 1999, Final Edition, p.A6


An influential Chinese family pumped Canadian foreign affairs

staff in Hong Kong with cash to gamble on the race track, an RCMP

probe has shown.

  The money, between $150 and $1,000 in each packet, was handed out

by the family's matriarch identified as "Granny Pong" many times at

the Hong Kong race track between 1988 and 1996.

  The RCMP, however, are expected to say that they cannot prove that

the family or their connections in Hong Kong got anything in return

for the cash.

  The finding is contained in a report on allegations of corruption

at the Canadian diplomatic mission in Hong Kong, scheduled for

release by the RCMP today in Ottawa.

  Sources told The Province that RCMP officers interviewed about 30

current and former staff at the mission discovering that "some had

returned the money, others had given it to charity while some

gambled it all away."

  In addition, the RCMP probe also acknowledged that certain senior

members of the mission met with high-ranking suspected criminals and

triad members in public places.

  But again, they are unable to show any criminal wrongdoing, despite

the relationships.

  RCMP are expected to recommend both issues be dealt with in a code

of conduct for staff at Canadian diplomatic missions overseas.

  The probe into the affairs in Hong Kong was triggered by former

Canadian Immigration control officer Brian McAdam, an

internationally renowned expert on the Chinese Mafia.

  His allegations were investigated by a series of RCMP officers

beginning in 1992.

  Last August, one of the RCMP officers, Cpl. Robert Read, found

substantive new information on the case.

  He was suspended from the force after alleging that the RCMP were

trying to cover up the Hong Kong probe.

  Other findings by the RCMP to be released today include:

  - They have no evidence to show that 788 files containing sensitive

background information on businessmen and criminals had been deleted

from the Computer Assisted Immigration Processing System (CAIPS) in

Hong Kong.

  In addition, there is also no evidence to show some 2,000 blank

visa forms cannot be accounted for, as alleged.

  Investigators say the original files disintegrated after being

transferred from one computer system to another.

  The investigators adopted the position despite direct evidence from

McAdam about the missing files. He says the files were not backed up

with microfilmed copies as required.

  Read also found unauthorized access to the immigration computers.

  - A former employee of the Canadian diplomatic mission, whom The

Province tracked down to North Vancouver, has denied she knows

anything about fake immigration stamps found in her desk in Hong


  Initially the RCMP said they could not find the woman and that she

was in Taiwan.

  RCMP also have no evidence to show that the fake stamps were used

for immigration purposes. It was left to answer why a Panama

immigration stamp and two Hong Kong-made Government of Canada stamps

were in the mission.

  - They do not have direct evidence to link the principals of one of

Asia's largest immigration consultants, which has brought thousands

of people to Canada, to fake documents and receipts given to them.

At least three victims of the consultants have talked to RCMP and

given them fake receipts.

  McAdam said the RCMP has not addressed his concerns about what went

on at the Hong Kong mission during the height of the pre-handover


  "Their investigation has been narrow and the RCMP has refused to

look at all the issues," said McAdam.

  "If they think this is going to assure the Canadian public about

our immigration system, they had better think again," he said.

  Read, when told of the RCMP findings would only say:

  "The coverup continues."



  The story broke last August when The Province reported on a

seven-year RCMP probe into the alleged infiltration of the

immigration computer at the Canadian diplomatic mission in Hong


  It was said to be the work of local staff with links to the Chinese


  It was brought to light by then-immigration control officer Brian

McAdam, who gave several leads to the RCMP.

  Among the allegations: deleted files, bogus immigration stamps and

improper high-level security visas.

  The RCMP found no wrong-doing but McAdam persisted. He said 788

files with sensitive background information on criminals and and

businessmen had been removed from the computer and that nearly 2,000

blank visa forms were missing.

  RCMP reactivated the investigation in 1995 and worked with CSIS,

which launched Operation Sidewinder to look at the extent of Chinese

espionage in this country. That operation was abruptly halted.

  Cpl. Robert Read of the RCMP immigration and passport section in

Ottawa was assigned the file in September 1996.

  After urging a thorough probe, Read was taken off the case.

  Read filed an obstruction-of-justice complaint in January 1998,

charging his superiors with a coverup.

  Read was then suspended by the RCMP for talking to The Province. He

is still under investigation.

  The Province has also found that one of Asia's largest immigration

consultants were involved in a racket to help people migrate to

Canada using fake papers.

  The consultants seemed to have a contact at Canada's mission in

Hong Kong.


CTV W5- Corruption and Cover Up(2004):

The story begins a dozen years ago in a place halfway around the world, Hong Kong. In the early 1990s, it was a time of uncertainty, 1997 was looming, the year that Communist China would take control of Hong Kong, and millions of Hong Kong Chinese were desperately looking for a way out, and Canada was far and away, the country of choice.

There were huge lineups at Canada’s High Commission in Hong Kong to apply for visas but there were some in the crowd who should have raised suspicion.

香港前毒品調查科總督察Sandy Boucher說,當年「冰后」成功逃過追捕並以商人身份定居加國,當地相關部問應該心知肚明。[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

香港毒品調查科前總督察Sandy Boucher說,當年亞洲著名毒販「冰后」李秋萍逃過追捕,並成功以企業家身份入境加國定居,情況令人咋舌。

Former Royal Hong Kong Police Inspector Sandy Boucher: “Organized crime figures people with records, people without records but serious criminals were looking to move to Canada. Some were applied and got turned back and some applied and got in.”

And one of Boucher’s cases proved exactly that. As the head of the Royal Hong Kong police Narcotics Bureau, he was closing in on a notorious drug trafficker known as the “Ice queen” Li Chau Ping’s gang was producing almost 500 tons of the street drug crystal meth, also known as “Ice.” When the police raided her labs in one of her safe houses the “Ice queen” got on a plane to Canada.

Don Clark(Host): “You thought perhaps she was just going for a couple of weeks or a holiday?”

Sandy Boucher: “Oh sure. I knew before the raid went down that it would probably spook her and her syndicate. We assumed that she’d go over there wait till things that die down a little and she’d come back.”

Boucher couldn’t believe it when an RCMP Officer called to say that the “Ice queen” had landed.

1992年「冰后」李秋萍從香港抵加國定居。[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Sandy Boucher: “And I said well, of course she’s landing. It’s an airplane you know. He said, no no she’s landing! I said I’m sorry, I don’t know what you mean. And turned out he meant she’s gonna be a landed immigrant. She was landing as an immigrant. And I said it can’t be, she’s got a criminal record, I know that she’s known to Canadian authorities. She was a major organized crime figure.”

Don Clark: “She was one of the biggest targets in Hong Kong and China at that time.”

Sandy Boucher: “Yeah, that’s who she was.”

Li Chau Ping was welcomed by the Canadian government as a business investor. Her story, she was willing to invest 170 thousand dollars in a fast food chicken franchise in of all places, the wilds of northern Saskatchewan, a tiny town called Lauren’s.

Back in Hong Kong, some were beginning to wonder, if a high-profile criminal like the “Ice queen” could get into Canada, how many other criminals were also being welcomed? It seemed the Chinese organised crime groups known as the Triads had found a way.

1989年,加拿大外交人員Brian McAdam被派來港擔任領事館移民官,負責審批移民和發簽證,他與騎警Garry Clement先後揭發好些使館職員涉收受利益,疑被香港黑社會滲透。

2008年,移民官Brian McAdam接受《新紀元周刊》第88期專訪,描述如何親歷黑幫收買官員圈套://一九九二年,麥克亞當代表加拿大應邀參加一個在溫哥華舉行的有關世界黑幫問題的論壇。論壇結束後,皇家騎警的一位官員和移民部的一位官員陪同他…去一家餐館,並把麥克亞當介紹給六名男子。晚間十一點他們陪同他到設有卡拉OK的一家夜總會。麥克亞當說:「三位漂亮的女性出現並坐在他們的桌子旁邊…其中一個和我說她來自香港…是香港一家知名夜總會的『媽媽桑』…突然,兩位小姐開始在桌子底下撫摸我的大腿,而那位皇家騎警估計收到了訊號。他對我說:『布里安,旁邊就有房間,去吧!』我意識到這是早就設計好了的『甜蜜』圈套,於是我站起來說,非常感謝你們,但是我感覺很累,我先失陪了。」麥克亞當回到香港後調查了他在溫哥華結識的這些朋友,六個人中的五個人最終被證實是黑幫的成員…//[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Brian McAdam was the immigration control officer at Canada’s High Commission in Hong Kong at the time. He was sending detailed intelligence back to Ottawa, warning that Canadian embassy staff were fraternizing with the wrong people.

Don Clark: “Who were they associating with the costume concern?”

Brian McAdam: “People that I knew had very good reason to believe were Triad members.”

Don Clark: “Organized crime, Chinese organized crime.”

Brian McAdam: “Yeah.”

Don Clark: “And what were they doing with these people? Were they…”

Brian McAdam: “They go to parties, you’d see their people at cocktail parties, trips to Macau, shopping trips to Bangkok.”

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

Expensive gifts, luxury yachts, trips to the casinos in Macau, but that wasn’t all.

Garry Clement is now the Chief of Police in the small town of Kohlberg Ontario. But in the early 1990s he was an RCMP officer stationed at the High Commission in Hong Kong.

皇家騎警Garry Clement[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Clement found more signs of corruption. Money handed out to Canadian embassy staff to bet on the horses at Hong Kong’s luxurious Happy Valley racetrack. But that was only the first part of the deal. Clement remembers a warning that he received from a wealthy and connected businessman.

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

Garry Clement: “The one thing that he told me very early on in my time there is nobody in the Chinese culture does anything for nothing, and I never forgot that. I think that’s where you have to look at. Why was the Canadian mission being targeted? Why was the Canadian mission being invited out to all these events? Well we all know, Canadian passports.”

二人稱親見電腦資料被刪改;外交部派電腦專家David Balser來港調查,證實確有安全漏洞,但當局未跟進。

And it gets worse. At the time all these applications were being processed electronically, McAdam and Clement had come up with a special code to identify known criminals who had applied, code “H.”

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

Brian McAdam couldn’t believe his eyes one day when sitting at his computer, he opened his secret file of known triad members to discover someone had broken into the systems.

Brian McAdam: “Suddenly was within just a few seconds, the name and the details appearing, the name just started dropping off like the letters were sliding off the rulers, just falling down and the screen is blank. I thought I was doing something wrong. So I thought I’ll just grab my file that doesn’t have this code to see what happened. The other files came out no problem, they didn’t disappear. Just my files which were quoted ‘H.’”

移民官Brian McAdam形容部門內有關涉黑人物機密電腦檔案如何在眼前消失。圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Don Clark: “And these files were essential because this was the basis of the intelligence that you had collected on some very bad guys who wanted into Canada. And with that information deleted from the computer, all of a sudden they would look clean and just be left from the system.”

Brian McAdam: “Yeah.”

The evidence was mounting that something was going on. The RCMP launched an investigation and the Department of Foreign Affairs sent over a computer expert.

The top-secret report prepared by David Balser in 1992 confirmed the worst suspicions. They were alarming breaches of Canada’s immigration policies. But for reasons unexplained, the RCMP investigation ignored the Balser report.

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

Garry Clement: “Anybody that saw that report should have taken very definitive action. Why it was not taken? I don’t know.”

皇家騎警Garry Clement[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Brian McAdam認為情況嚴重,一再促請當局跟進,結果遭同僚排擠。

The Mounties also paid little attention to evidence of bribery, forgery of visas, and profiteering at the Canadian High Commission.

Don Clark: “How compromised was Canada at that point?”

Brian McAdam: “It was extremely vulnerable, and the most disturbing thing is that no one took this problem seriously at the time.”

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)
圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

No one except for Brian McAdam who was pushing for a full inquiry into the allegations of corruption and fraud, allegations that pointed directly to the staff at the High Commission. But suddenly the career civil servant who had received glowing performance reviews found himself shunned by his colleagues.

Brian McAdam: “Nobody wanted to talk to me and I became very ostracized within the office.”

移民官Brian McAdam [圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Don Clark: “No wonder they didn’t want to talk to you, you were the guy turning over all the stones. You were trouble.”

Despite all the efforts to shut McAdam down, the scandal would not go away, too many people knew.


圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

Don Clark: The corruption at the High Commission in Hong Kong was known far and wide by certain criminal organizations, and that brings us here to London. We found a man who knows firsthand the operations of Chinese organized crime, otherwise known as the Triads. He agreed to come out of the shadows to fly in from an undisclosed location and meet us here in London, to reveal for the first time what he knows about the connections between the Triads and the scandal at the Canadian High Commission.

Some members of the international intelligence community have long supported Brian McAdam and they persuaded this man to talk to W5. But he had conditions, we had to protect his identity. No name, no pictures of his face, and his voice had to be altered. He is connected to the Triads through family and business, and talking to us about them could be fatal. But he says he knows exactly how they operated with the Canadians.

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

The source: “First of all, some Triad remembers, they don’t present as the Triad. They are very famous businessmen, even legislators, solicitors, accountants and they hold senior position in the Triads. They would invite whoever newly arrive from Canada to work in the High Commission of Canada in Hong Kong, to go the race course in their box, do some racing, talking and then going party. or going on a big big yacht. And some money change hands, some handshake, and problem solved you know. Can you afford to buy a gold Rolex? So they give you a gold Rolex, fancy car, then when you get hooked on, then they’ll ask you to do a favor. Beside, who knows at those days? Who knows? Everybody doing I think. I think it took more than one person in the High Commission of Canada to get the job done, not just one single person. It must be a big big scandal behind it all.”

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)
圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

Don Clark: “With the type of corruption that was evident at the High Commission at that time, is it possible that a number of very serious criminals, Triad members would get through the system and get to Canada?”

The source: “They’re all living there now! Big-time businessmen, popular in Chinatown business. If you try to tell me nobody take bribery in that time, nobody in Hong Kong would believe it. Especially those who couldn’t make it.”

Don Clark: “How much would it cost?”

The source: “Nobody give me the price. But I would figure out somewhere of a half million Hong Kong dollars. Would you pay a half million to buy the whole family an insurance? Or would you like to go to Africa or some tiny island in the Pacific, or would you like to go to the Maple Leaf? I would choose the Maple Leaf.”

How many criminals bought their way in? The half-hearted RCMP investigation turned a blind eye to that. But this scandal was about to take a new twist.

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)
圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

政壇對醜聞幾乎毫無反應,只有自由黨國會議員David Kilgour願意會見Brian McAdam,並致函總理要求跟進,但亦全無下文。

Allegations of passports for sale at Canada’s High Commission in Hong Kong, staff accepting gifts and money, socializing with known criminals all uncovered by Immigration Control Officer Brian McAdam.

Don Clark: Now you might have thought that all of this would have set off alarm bells here on Parliament Hill, the very thought that employees of the government of Canada were involved in massive corruption that could have allowed dangerous criminals into the country. But surprisingly nobody here not one ministry not one agency seem to be very interested in getting to the bottom of this, except for one Liberal MP who felt that this was perhaps the most serious scandal that he had encountered in his political life.

David Kilgour met with Brian McAdam and he was convinced that something was seriously wrong in Hong Kong. In his 1995 letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien he tried to warn him about the highly irresponsible and/or illegal activities and asked for a full public inquiry.”

加國自由黨主席議員David Kilgour[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

David Kilgour: “I thought that what McAdam was saying is a 30 year veteran of Immigration Canada who had done like two postings in Hong Kong that what he was saying was serious enough that I thought I should refer it first to the immigration minister of the day, and then the Prime Minister.”

Don Clark: “The inquiry didn’t happen?”

David Kilgour: “No it didn’t.”

Prime Minister Jean Chrétien never even acknowledged Kilgour’s letter. And it was into that climate of “see no evil, hear no evil” that our second whistleblower stumbled.

1993年,高級警長Jim Puchniak曾申請到港查案,但被警督Gary Lagamodiere勸止,說會得罪駐港高級代表John Higginbotham云云。

高級警長Jim Puchniak[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

In 1993, Staff Sergeant Jim Puchniak wanted to go to Hong Kong and conduct a proper investigation, but the RCMP liaison officer at the mission inspector Gary Lagamodiere wrote a memo back to Ottawa advising against it, saying it would upset the High Commissioner John Higginbotham.

Don Clark: “Lagamodiere said that if your investigators came to Hong Kong it would be viewed as a witch-hunt, and he said I can guarantee you Canadian High Commissioner will be screaming at the highest political levels. What did you make of that?”

當年加國駐港高級代表John Higginbotham[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Jim Puchniak: “My instinct then and still is that if there was nothing to hide, you would welcome a police investigation. So obviously there was something that was going on.”

Don Clark: “Did you feel at any point that there was political interference at the highest levels on this investigation?”

Senior Sergeant Jim Puchniak [Photo: CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up (2004)]

Jim Puchniak: “It just seemed throughout this investigation and anything to do with the Hong Kong file that there was always some something blocking it, some reason why we couldn’t go.”

1996年,皇家騎警警目Robert Reid被派接手跟進McAdam之案件,據悉是當局調來的第四位,也是資歷最淺警員。Reid與McAdam多次會面,逐漸掌握案情與相關基本知識,越來越相信確有其事,認為事態嚴重,接連向上級報告,遭上司與外交部重重阻撓。

皇家騎警警目Robert Reid[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Robert Reid: “It’s kind of like walking through a forest and all of a sudden you find yourself in quicksand.”

Corporal Reid grew up in Regina Saskatchewan, the home of the RCMP. Like any dedicated cop, Read thought that his job was to dig into the allegations and get to the truth. One of the first things he came across was the top-secret Balser Report which laid bare the security breaches. Armed with that he went to his boss.

Robert Reid: “He said this is water under the bridge, why go over this again? And I was very shocked by that. I said this is not water under the bridge, this is evidence of of a major fault.”

The more he dug into the affair, the more resistance he felt. The departments of Foreign Affairs and Immigration blocked their staff from speaking with Reid, something that Reid’s RCMP boss agreed to.

Robert Reid: “I arrived at the opinion that in fact the progress I was making was not pleasing to my superiors.”

Robert Reid相信,加國聯邦政府入境部門與外交部門,以至皇家騎警都有份阻撓調查。在1999年,他選擇向公眾披露所知,結果以瀆職罪名被革職。

皇家騎警警目Robert Reid查案屢遭阻撓,決定向傳媒爆料吹哨,溫哥華報章The Province多次頭版報道。[圖:The Province(1999–8–29)]
圖:The Province(1999–8–29)
圖:The Province(1999–9–16)
圖:The Province(1999–9–3)


Don Clark: “Did you feel that maybe you were getting a little bit too close to a very uncomfortable truth for the Canadian government?”

Robert Reid: “Well I felt that I had discovered a cover-up. At that time I believed that it was Department of Immigration and the Department of Foreign Affairs who were involved in this.”

皇家騎警警目Robert Reid決定向傳媒爆料吹哨[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Don Clark: “Let’s just be clear about this. You’re saying that there was a cover-up conducted by the federal government? By a couple of departments in the federal government? You’re also saying that there was obstruction of justice by the RCMP? Those pretty serious charges.”

Robert Reid: “Yes, yeah yeah yeah.”

皇家騎警警目Robert Reid[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

In 1999 Corporal Reid did the unthinkable for a Police Officer. He broke his oath of secrecy and went public about the scandal in Hong Kong. The RCMP reacted swiftly. The force charged the 24 year veteran with professional misconduct found him guilty and fired him.

And that might have been the end of it, but Reid appealed his dismissal to the RCMP s civilian review committee. And out of the thousands of pages of documents and testimony from his disciplinary hearing, came this decision in September 2003: vindication for Reid and McAdam and scathing criticism of the RCMP.

The review committee found that the RCMP was walking on eggshells whenever it conducted an investigation into activities at the Canadian mission abroad and this: “…What is at issue was a deliberate choice made by the RCMP not to pursue an investigation into possible criminal wrongdoing even though numerous examples had been drawn to its attention.” It warned that the RCMP must “not allow itself to be co-opted by government agencies.”

圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)
圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)

退休港警相信,加國當局有意隱瞞真相。加國自由黨議員David Kilgour認為警隊人手充足,只要肯著手查,即使事隔10年亦未為晚也。皇家騎警退休警司Garry Clement更直指警隊未有履行保護加人的職責。

Retired RCMP Superintendent Garry Clement believes that the force failed in its duty to protect the citizens of Canada.

Garry Clement: “We dropped the ball. I mean I don’t think we should try and defend it. The bottom line is we drop the ball in this investigation.”

The review committee found that while Corporal Reid made mistakes, he was justified in raising a matter of legitimate public concern and recommended that the RCMP reinstate him. But the question of the cover-up remains active.

Liberal MP David Kilgour: “Nobody’s above the law ultimately. It was the RCMP responsibilities to say if anybody was telling him don’t rock any boats or don’t do this, don’t do that. To say sorry our mandate is to go and see if there’s been a criminal offence committed.”

Don Clark: “Do you think that we will ever get to the bottom of who was truly behind the cover-up in this case?”

David Kilgour: “I don’t know. I would think we had a team of investigators assigned to go and find out. I don’t think I’d be very hard to find out what happened even now ten years later.”

加國自由黨主席議員David Kilgour[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

Former Hong Kong Police Inspectors Sandy Boucher: “They should have been dealt with and it wasn’t. The way it ended up this story has ended up is staggering.”

Don Clark: “Do you believe there was a Canadian cover-up on this?”

Sandy Boucher: “Sure. If you look at you know what’s happened with the overall picture of the Hong Kong mission, I’ve no doubt as a cover-up.”

But by who, and why? There are a number of places to look. Exposing the corruption of the High Commission would have embarrassed the government. It could have ruined the careers of some bureaucrats, and it would have revealed a woefully inadequate RCMP investigation. As it turned out, no one was embarrassed and no one lost their jobs except for the two whistleblowers, Robert Reid and Brian McAdam, who became the target of a vicious personal campaign.

到後來,只見Robert Reid與Brian McAdam兩名吹哨者前途盡毀,沒有高層或官員要問責,潛逃加國香港重犯仍逍遙法外。

Garry Clement: “I don’t think in 30 years of being involved in police I’ve ever seen a character assassination that took place by an organisation, first from somebody that really did his job, he was very well-meaning, he represented I think what the public expects of a civil servant.”

McAdam eventually suffered a nervous breakdown and had to take early retirement.

Don Clark: “Do you ever regret having spoken out? Life would have been a whole lot easier, it isn’t?”

Brian McAdam: “No. First day I do not regret it. My ethics are such that I had to do what I did. But it’s not easy being a whistleblower.”

移民官Brian McAdam不但遭死亡恐嚇,更被迫提早退休,還患上嚴重抑鬱。[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

The Mounties Creed: they always get their man. In this case the only man they got was one of their own, a lowly Corporal. The findings of the review committee are not binding, and the RCMP has refused to reinstate Robert Reid. He now spends his days volunteering at an Ottawa community center. His policing career in ruins.

皇家騎警警目Robert Reid前途盡毀,受訪時在社區中心做義工。[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

And remember the ice queen? Just months after she emigrated to Canada, she disappeared. Today, 14 years later still on Interpol’s list of most-wanted fugitives, last known address, Canada.

當年「冰后」李秋萍成功從香港抵加國後數月即人間蒸發,至今仍位列國際刑警通緝名單前茅。[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]

2. 文獻一瞥

當年僅餘檔案資料,是網上流傳加國情報部門撰寫的調查報告,名為Chinese Intelligence Services and Triads Financial Links in Canada(俗稱Sidewinder《響尾蛇報告》)。

1996年5月,加拿大安全情報局(CSIS)亞太區主管Michel Juneau-Katsuya發起與皇家騎警聯手進行大型調查行動,透過Brian McAdam的資料挖掘更大圖畫,並進行個案分析,初步報告一年後完成,隨即被高層銷毀。

加拿大安全情報局亞太區主管Michel Juneau-Katsuya當年透過移民官Brian McAdam的資料,利用情報系統跟進調查撰寫報告,結果被指陰謀論,連同一批背景資料盡被銷毀。Juneau本人被調職,更史無前例地連降兩級,後來他以保密協議換取「和平離職」,以開設國際安全顧問公司作為後路。直到警目Robert Reid向傳媒爆料並爭取復職,Juneau才接受訪問,盼為Reid及McAdam挽回聲譽。詳細背景參紀錄片製作人Veronica Alice網站。[圖:CBC(2019-2-21)]

退休警官Leo Knight網站Prime Time Crime載有報稱當年報告副本,該文件暗示,不少香港富豪挾巨資到加國開公司做生意,又收購當地企業,取得加國護照,同時充當白手套引入間諜與黑社會。

當年溫哥華報章報道[圖:The Province(1999–10–1)]
圖:退休警官Leo Knight網站Prime Time Crime所載報稱當年《響尾蛇報告》副本。


Since the mid-1980s, a substantial immigration flow from Hong Kong has taken place and Canadian authorities were first alerted when a significant presence of Chinese organized crime elements among this group was detected. Many came through the “entrepreneur and “investor” immigration program and some of these criminals even have succeeded to obtain their Canadian citizenship…Hand in hand with this situation, the ChIS [Chinese Intelligence Service] make very active use of their access to Canadian industries through exchanges of specialists and students, and also set up shell companies to pursue their acquisition of economic and technological intelligence. Cooperation between the Hong Kong tycoons, the triads and the Beijing leadership adds a new dimension to the well known “mass line collection” strategy followed by the ChIS [Chinese Intelligence Service]. This situation substantially raises the level of the potential threat, revealing the effectiveness of Chinese efforts to obtain Canadian technology and their capability to interfere in the management of the country…

By using these alliances, the Chinese government is trying to gain influence on Canadian politics by maximizing their presence over some of the country’s economic levers. To that end, they proceed initially to buy and/or legally set up a company in Canada that, once under their control, buys other companies and so on. An effective domino effect ensues that acts like a well-spun web or network at strategic points. It is estimated that over 200 Canadian companies have passed into Chinese influence or ownership since the early 1980s through the triads, tycoons or China national companies. These businesses are found in various sectors of the economy, ranging from multinationals to banking, high technology and real estate… The triads’ companies are also used to pursue their criminal activities, such as money-laundering and heroin trafficking, as well as assistance to the ChIS.

Being Canadian these businesses are also eligible to receive government subsidies for research or classified contracts from Federal Departments. The risk is that after the research is done, there results can be transferred to China. Other form of risk is with the access gain through classified contract. As an example, a Canadian company under Chinese influence was in contention for a contract to set up and run a classified communications system linking the main agencies of the Canadian intelligence community. A company in Toronto specializing in video surveillance was originally Canadian, but was bought by a Chinese multinational. It is impossible at present to say how many or which Canadian companies are in the same situation. These examples, however, raise questions about the integrity of some companies that have already installed security systems for various Canadian government institutions or Canadian research industries…

The triads, the tycoons and the ChIS have learned the quick way to gain influence is to provide finance to the main political parties. Most of the companies identified in this research have contributed, sometimes several tens of thousands of dollars, to the two traditional political parties, that is, the Liberal and the Progressive-Conservative Parties…In many ways, China remains one of the greatest ongoing threats to Canada’s national security and Canadian industry.


11. Even before Hong Kong’s official return to the Communists, it was established by several Western agencies that their national immigration systems had been affected by illegal ChIS and triad interference. Laurence Leung Ming-Yen, a former director of the Hong Kong immigration service, is still under investigation after he had to resign under the pressure of allegations of corruption and illegally disclosing confidential information about residents of the peninsula. The controversy surrounding Leung was fed by his business relationship with the flamboyant tycoon Tsul Tsin Tong, well known for his pro-Beijing views and a member of the notorious Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and Preparatory Committee. The murder of Leung’s young daughter in Vancouver in 1993 by a crossbow bolt has still not been solved. The Vancouver police suspect the crime was committed by triad members.


28. Semi-Tech Corporation. Semi-Tech Corporation is a Canadian multinational corporation based in Markham, Ontario. It was formed from various public companies listed on several shock exchanges, including Toronto, Montreal, New York, Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Frankfurt and Hong Kong, and has revenues of over US $3.5 billion. This corporation, and its chairman James Ting in particular, have business ties with China. Stanley Ho is the principal shareholder through his company Shun Tak (Hong Kong) and sits on Semi-Tech’s board. (UC)

29. This company has concentrated in particular on information technology, establishing Semi-Tech Microcomputers Ltd., Semi-Tech MicroElectronics Corp., Semi-Tech Electronics, Singer and STM Systems Corp. The last of these was established by the merger of Data Crown (Canada) and Canada Systems Group, two companies that count various federal government departments among their clients and some of whose employees are regularly in contract with Chinese diplomatic representatives. Of particular note is the fact that Canada Systems Group had applied to undertake the development of COSICS, the Canadian On-line Secure Information and Communication System that was to link the Department of External Affairs, the RCMP, CSIS and National Defence. The project was suspended by the federal government due to the lack of financial resources...


46. All areas of the Canadian economy are targeted, but high technology is the one most at risk. Several cases of theft of Canadian proprietary information and/or technology have been reported to and investigated by Canadian authorities. For example, Ontario Hydro believes it was the victim of theft of information in the nuclear technology field by an individual of Chinese origin. This individual sent unauthorized faxes (some containing hours worth of data) to a telephone number in China, associated with the State Science and Technology Commission. In another case, a Chinese employee of a major computer company based in Canada was accused of copying the company’s proprietary information onto diskette, for the purposes of selling the information to China. In a third instance, a Canadian company alleged that one of their former employees, who had previously served in the Chinese military, stole proprietary information regarding energy technology and sold it to the Chinese government.



21. Norinco and Poly Technology (Poly Group)[保利集團]. Northern Industrial Corporation (Norinco)[中國北方工業有限公司] and Poly Technologies[保利科技有限公司](a subsidiary of Poly Group) are both owned by China and under the control of CITIC. They have subsidies around the world, including Canada (Montreal) and the United States. Poly Group was until recently head by Deng Xiaoping’s son-in-law, He Ping[少將賀彪之子賀平,鄧小平三女鄧榕夫婿], and is part of the entrepreneurial drive of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Several large quantities of arms manufactured by Norinco have been confiscated on Indian reserves, especially those of the Mohawks. In May 1996, US authorities what they described as the biggest arms seizure on American soil, confiscating 2,000 AK-47 assault rifles and other military weapons from a warehouse in California. The US-based Chinese representatives of Poly Technologies and Norinco were arrested in connection with this affair. Although the final destination of the arms has not been determined, the Amerindians “Warriors” and American militia trails are strongly suspected by US authorities.

22. In another incident, the Rex International Development company of Hong Kong, in which Norinco is the majority shareholder, is currently under investigation possibly subject to prosecution for exporting components for the manufacturing of chemical weapons to Iran. Rex was established in 1982 as a joint venture with Norinco by Tsui Tsin-Tong, a financial partner of Li Ka-Shing. Tsui filed an application to emigrate to Canada in 1985 which has been renewed several times. His case is still not settled because he has never satisfied the Canadian authorities by providing adequate explanations of his contacts with the PLA and the ChIS. Silver City Development Ltd., which holds shares in Rex, has been used for several years by the ChIS and the Chinese leadership as an investment front and cover. (S)

23. Through the power of its multinationals industries and the billions of dollars they generate, China has been able to establish itself in the Western economy. This gave to the country an enormous advantage in the pursuit of gaining influence. In return through these subsidies and influences, they are able to open channels to facilitate access to Western power and traffic of illegal weapons and technology.

2003年,獨立製作人Veronica Alice曾就這題材拍攝電視紀錄片,但從未真箇上架,她把背景資料,包括剪報和消息來源羅列於其網站中。圖為網站所載Brian McAdam繪製詳細圖表,作者說://The triumvirate, we are told, is behind the purchase of an increasing number of large Canadian corporations, bought legally by the first companies the new breed of “immigrant investors” purchased. The first company they buy is demonstrably Chinese owned, but once they buy another Canadian company, and that company buys a third, the actual ownership of the company becomes harder to trace. The scale of the influence these owners now wield, reaching across the globe from China, via Hong Kong, right across Canada, from small “investor immigrant” company to larger companies, to blue-chip Canadian corporations and beyond, is dramatically illustrated by the large, extremely detailed charts McAdam has drawn up over the years.//


3. 後續影響

加國眾議院後來就保護吹哨者進行立法,2005年2月3日,Brian McAdam與Robert Reid以受害人身份於委員會作證,間接有份促成Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act誕生。

加國移民官Brian McAdam(右)與皇家騎警警目Robert Reid,是當年赤化警報先聲。[圖:CTV W5: Corruption and Cover Up(2004)]
Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act

Brian McAdam與Robert Reid被Ryerson University的Centre for Free Expression列為Prominent Canadian Whistleblowers

Centre for Free Expression網站


圖:Vancouver Sun(2017–8–26)

〈加情報局曾調查 中共利用黑社會滲透加拿大〉希望之聲(2016年11月8日):




加拿大情報局局長Richard Fadden [圖:CTV News(2011–1–7)]

如果20年前「響尾蛇」調查行動確有那些發現的話,看起來符合了目前房市出現的情況…不幸的是,文件在曝光前,行動被突然叫停,所有文件被勒令銷毀,還有些被遺失…安全情報評審委員會對此調查後認定,報告存在很多問題… 近20年過去了,沒看到有關當局對「響尾蛇」行動及相關發現有任何解釋。不過,加拿大情報局局長法登(Richard Fadden)2010年在一次內部講話中,提到中共對加拿大的滲透情況,不巧被媒體曝光了。法登說,加拿大有2名省級廳長受到中共政府滲透。不過,在輿論要求法登公布相關細節時,法登並沒有合作。

2016年,渥太華報章專訪Brian McAdam,憶述當年揭露問題遭死亡恐嚇和上司同事排擠,導致嚴重抑鬱。McAdam丟掉工作,經過多年努力,生活才重回正軌。

Ottawa Citizen(2016–11–18)

Ottawa Citizen(2016–11–18):

The former diplomat says his whistleblowing cost him his 30-year career, triggering a deep depression that lasted more than two decades. Most of his former colleagues shun him. He says he’s endured surveillance and death threats so alarming that he once spent $10,000 to wrap his windows in bulletproof film.

As McAdam tells it, his troubles began at a Hong Kong racetrack in 1989, when someone handed him and his wife red envelopes stuffed with cash — about $300 Cdn. He refused the apparent bribe but says he soon learned that many other staff at the Canadian high commission routinely accepted the money.“I immediately became hated with a passion,” he says. “They were all fearful that I was going to do something that would threaten their jobs.”

McAdam alleges their animosity only grew after he discovered the immigration computer system at the high commission had been compromised and known members of Chinese Triad crime organization were obtaining visas. He was labelled an anti-Chinese racist and rumours were spread that he was issuing illegal visas — the very thing he says he was trying to prevent.

Some of his confidential reports, warning that Triad members “infest every immigration category,” were leaked to the Globe and Mail and newspapers in Hong Kong, McAdam says. “That’s when I started to get these intense death threats.”The threats from Triad crime figures continued for years, even after he was recalled to Ottawa in 1993, ostensibly to take up a new job that never materialized…

The severe clinical depression came on so quickly he could actually feel his brain chemistry changing, he says. He went on medical sick leave, then retired in 1995. The depression hit hardest in the early years. “He didn’t drive a car for two years, he wasn’t able to think very well, and he was very over-drugged by medication,” his wife, Marie, recalls. “It was very tough.”

…The journey to recovery gained momentum three or four years ago, when he asked his doctor to take him off the anti-depressant drug Wellbutrin…Fellow whistleblower Dr. Nancy Olivieri put him in touch with a Toronto psychiatrist who helped wean him off the drugs over a 2 1/2-year period…

Was it worth it? Would he do it again?“Unfortunately, I probably would,” he says. But he’d be much smarter…“I was writing what I found out, believing that police forces and intelligence agencies would react accordingly and do their jobs. That was the big mistake I made.”

至於警目Robert Reid,他被革職後,曾到聯邦法院上訴,2005年被法官譴責「對政府缺乏忠誠」。Reid再向最高法院上訴,2007年5月法院宣佈拒絕審理其案件

2019年,資深記者Jonathan Manthorpe在著作Claws of the Panda: Beijing’s Campaign of Influence and Intimidation in Canada梳理歷史脈絡,提及當年,認為是錯失時機。






Claws of the Panda: Beijing’s Campaign of Influence and Intimidation in Canada(2019)

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