UNITED FRONT BACKGROUND
HUAWEI CFO MENG WANZHOU
“I am disturbed by the plaintiff’s lack of candour with the court, manifested both in his testimony and his lack of document production in this litigation…the plaintiff demonstrated on a number of occasions throughout his testimony an attitude that he should not have to answer to the defendant, and indirectly to this court, about his business affairs”.
2018 MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
CCP UNITED FRONT CONFERENCE IN VANCOUVER
THE TED ZHOU AFFAIR
RUSSIAN FOR BLIND SPOT
Beijing’s vast and varied media organisations — newspapers, movie production companies, television stations, digital “news” networks — are all coming under one Communist Party roof. Another big change: a ramped up role for an expanded United Front Work Department, the shadowy agency that Xi calls his “magic weapon.”It was the United Front Work Department that boasted in a document unearthed by a Financial Times investigation last October that 10 Beijing-friendly politicians in Canada had been elected to office in 2006 alone. In 2010, Richard Fadden, who was then director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Agency, was upbraided for merely pointing out that several Canadian politicians in Canada were Beijing-friendly to the point that they had fallen under “at least the general influence of a foreign government.”
• More public debate of CCP United Front political warfare activity in Canada — in media, academia, our school systems and in government. • Full transparency of CCP United Front front organisations: what exactly they do, who controls them and the source of their funding. This is not about shutting them down, but rather enabling Canadian institutions and individuals to know who they are dealing with. • Earlier, more robust public challenges to CCP interference in Canadian affairs when lines are crossed. • When a robust challenge is made, our collectively wiser response to counter-accusations of meddling and racism. • Greater understanding of the links between Canadian politicians and China, particularly when loyalties come into question. In particular, we need transparency on the financial and logistical support given to politicians by foreign governments and arms of foreign political parties. • Incorporation of best practices and learnings developed in the USA, Australia and New Zealand. In particular, we need to have a debate about what it is to be an agent of a foreign government and how that is to be handled in an open and mature democracy. • Zero tolerance of any attempts by China to gain or build influence over Canada’s Chinese diaspora that contravenes Canada’s laws. Canadians are not an internal Chinese matter. • Zero tolerance of CCP efforts on Canadian soil to project its strategic hegemony in respect of relations with Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and other regional neighbours.
• Alex Wang (王文康), Vancouver • Jilin Wang (王吉林), Calgary • Wang Dianqi (王典奇), Vancouver • Wang Jiaming (王家明), Toronto • Wen Weijian (文伟建), Calgary • Dr. Xiaochun Chris Le (乐晓春), Edmonton • Kuang Jianmin (邝健民), Edmonton • Feng Rujie (冯汝洁), Vancouver • Xu Jianlun (许健伦), Vancouver • Sun Ruijuan (孙瑞娟), Montreal • Li Jinghui (李景辉), Toronto • Eric Xiao (肖楚强), Toronto • Yu Zhuowen (余卓文), Toronto • Shen Yi (沈毅), Toronto • Thomas Chan (陈德光), Victoria • Grant Lin (林广场), Vancouver • Xingyong Lin (林性勇), Toronto • Jeannie Cheng (郑小玲), Vancouver • Duan Luwen Kevin, (段律文), Toronto • Hilbert Yiu (姚崇英), Vancouver • Jimmy Jia (贾明), Montreal • Rudy Gao (高如东), Ottawa • Guo Taicheng (郭泰诚), Vancouver • Jin S. Xue (薛金生), Ottawa
• Taiwan is a pawn the US uses to contain China • The US makes Taiwan anti-China • The US sells Taiwan shoddy and outdated arms • Taiwan sacrifices its own people as cannon fodder by siding with the US • Taiwan must vote out the DAB in the upcoming election to save themselves
APPENDIX 2 — UNITED FRONT AGAINST THE UNITED FRONT
Alexander Bowe @boweconstrictr Alex Joske @alexjoske Anne-Marie Brady @Anne_MarieBrady Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian @BethanyAllenEbr Bob Mackin @bobmackin C.A. Yeung @WLYeung Charles Burton @cburton001Chen Yonglin @chen_yonglin Craig Offman @Craigoffman Daisy Xiong @xiong_daisy Elsa Kania @EBKania Geoff Wade @geoff_p_wade Gerry Groot @zuoluogu Graeme Wood @WestcoastWood Jenny Peng @JennyPengNowJeremy Nuttall @Nuttallreports Jichang Lulu @jichanglulu Joanna Chiu @joannachiu John Garnaut @jgarnaut Kevin Carrico @kevincarrico Mark Stokes @Stokes2049 Nadège Rolland @RollandNadege Nathan Vanderklippe @nvanderklippe Paul Macgregor @paulmacgregorCH Peter Mattis @PLMattisRachael Burthon @RBurton_ Robert Fife @RobertFife Russell Hsiao @lcrhsiaoSam Cooper @scoopercooper Steven Chase @stevenchase Terry Glavin @TerryGlavin Xiao Xu @xiaoxuyvr
APPENDIX 3 — READINGS FOR FURTHER STUDY
China and the Age of Strategic Rivalry, CSIS Australia’s China reset, John Garnaut China: magic weapons and “plausible deniability”, Graeme SmithChina Has a Vast Influence Machine, and You Don’t Even Know It, Yi-Zheng Lian Understanding the Role of Chambers of Commerce and Industry Associations in United Front Work, Gerry Groot China’s Political Influence Activities: A Conversation with Anne-Marie Brady, ChinaPower PodcastChina’s cosmological Communism: a challenge to liberal democracies, Didi Kirsten Tatlow Magic Weapons: China’s political influence activities under Xi Jinping, Anne-Marie Brady Chinese Influence Operations in the Democratic World, Jonas Parello-Plesner and Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian New Zealand politics: foreign donations and political influence, Simon Chapple Picking flowers, making honey: The Chinese military’s collaboration with foreign universities, Alex Joske The Hard Edge of Sharp Power: Understanding China’s Influence Operations Abroad, J. Michael Cole China’s Influence Activities: What Canada can learn from Australia, Clive Hamilton Controlling Foreign Influence in Canadian Elections, Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs China threatens the democratic world order — and Canada can’t be a weak link, J. Michael Cole Spotting China’s Influence Operations, Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian, Carnegie Council Canada’s media is in thrall to China, Terry Glavin My Name is Wu. James Wu., Jichang Lulu A new Comintern for the New Era: The CCP International Department from Bucharest to Reykjavík, Jichang Lulu and Martin Hála The People’s Liberation Army General Political Department: Political Warfare with Chinese Characteristics, Mark Stokes How Democracies Can Fight Authoritarian Sharp Power, Christopher Walker, Shanthi Kalathil, and Jessica LudwigManipulation, Chinese style, Bilahari Kausikan China’s Overseas United Front Work: Background and Implications for the United States, Alexander Bowe A Preliminary Study of PRC Political Influence and Interference Activities in American Higher Education, Anastasya Lloyd-Damnjanovic Countering Comprehensive Coercion: Competitive Strategies Against Authoritarian Political Warfare, Thomas G. Mahnken, Ross Babbage and Toshi YoshiharaAdvisory Report on the National Security Legislation Amendment (Espionage and Foreign Interference) Bill 2017, Commonwealth of Australia Foreign Influence Transparency Scheme Act 2018, Commonwealth of Australia Foreign Influence Transparency Scheme, Commonwealth of Australia Foreign Influence Transparency Act, United States of America An American Lens on China’s Interference and Influence-Building Abroad, Peter Mattis U.S. Responses to China’s Foreign Influence Operations, Peter Mattis The Interference Operations from Putin’s Kremlin and Xi’s Communist Party: Forging a Joint Response, Laura Rosenberger and John Garnaut The Chinese Communist Party’s Foreign Interference Operations: How the U.S. and Other Democracies Should Respond, Jonas Parello-Plesner Chinese Influence & American Interests: Promoting Constructive Vigilance, Larry DiamondAuthoritarian advance: Responding to China’s growing political influence in Europe, Thorsten Benner, Jan Weidenfeld, Mareike Ohlberg, Lucrezia Poggetti and Kristin Shi-Kupfer What We Talk About When We Talk About Chinese Communist Party Interference in the Public Square, Peter Mattis China Defense & Security Conference — Panel 3: The United Front and CCP Overseas Influence, Jamestown Foundation